Velocity Bridgeport CT

The loudness of the note depends on how hard you strike the key. But even in the piano, quite a lot of technology (in the form of carefully balanced levers) goes into producing that effect.

Elina Christova
476 Stillson Road
Fairfield, CT
Instruments
Ear Training, Piano, Theory
Styles
Classical
Experience Levels
Advanced, Beginner, Intermediate
Rate
$120
Years of Experience
10 Years

Data Provided by:
Matthew M.
(877) 231-8505
Samuels Path
Miller Place, NY
Subjects
Acting, Music Theory, Viola, Guitar, Singing, Piano, Clarinet, Upright Bass, Speaking Voice, Music Performance, Violin, Cello, Bass Guitar
Ages Taught
5 to 99
Specialties
I am well-versed in the Suzuki, Strictly String, Muller-Rusch, and Essential Elements methods. I find it helpful and insightful to include both classical and contemporary/pop music. In addition, I am constantly coming up with unique activities and lessons of my own that I think will benefit the student.
Education
Susquehanna University - Music Education - 08/2006-05/2010 (Bachelor's degree received)
Membership Organizations
TakeLessons Music Teacher

Data Provided by:
Harry Neumann
24 Marie Street
Plainfield, CT
Instruments
Guitar, Piano
Styles
Blues, Classical, Electronic, Kids, Rock - Alternative
Experience Levels
Beginner
Rate
$20
Years of Experience
5 Years

Data Provided by:
Elina Christova
476 Stillson Road
Fairfield, CT
Instruments
Ear Training, Piano, Theory
Styles
Classical
Experience Levels
Advanced, Beginner, Intermediate
Rate
$120
Years of Experience
10 Years

Data Provided by:
Mach Music School
(203) 366-3300
510 Barnum Ave
Bridgeport, CT
 
Julie H.
(877) 231-8505
College Street
New Haven, CT
Subjects
Music Performance, Piano, Songwriting, Theatrical Broadway Singing, Singing, Music Theory
Ages Taught
5 to 99
Specialties
Julie specializes in teaching musical theatre, classical, pop/ rock jazz/ blues, and improvisation styles of voice. Her style of piano pedagogy is a combination of classical study and whatever popular style the student is interested in. In addition, she tutors in jazz and classical music theory/ analysis, and she can help students prepare for AP Music Theory exams. As a composer, she enjoys helping songwriters mold their style, and she works a lot with songwriters within the indie/ pop/ rock/…
Education
Berklee College of Music - Classical Composition - 09/2009-05/2010
Membership Organizations
TakeLessons Music Teacher

Data Provided by:
Zoe Vandermeer
CT Studio at 15 Riverview Rd. midtown studio in New York City
Gaylordsville, CT
Instruments
Audio Recording, Chorus, Composition, Ear Training, Early Music, Harp, Piano, Theory, Voice
Styles
Classical, Folk - Country - Bluegrass, Kids, Other, Rock - Alternative
Experience Levels
Advanced, Beginner, Intermediate
Rate
$60
Years of Experience
20 Years

Data Provided by:
Julie H.
(877) 231-8505
College Street
New Haven, CT
Subjects
Music Performance, Piano, Songwriting, Theatrical Broadway Singing, Singing, Music Theory
Ages Taught
5 to 99
Specialties
Julie specializes in teaching musical theatre, classical, pop/ rock jazz/ blues, and improvisation styles of voice. Her style of piano pedagogy is a combination of classical study and whatever popular style the student is interested in. In addition, she tutors in jazz and classical music theory/ analysis, and she can help students prepare for AP Music Theory exams. As a composer, she enjoys helping songwriters mold their style, and she works a lot with songwriters within the indie/ pop/ rock/…
Education
Berklee College of Music - Classical Composition - 09/2009-05/2010
Membership Organizations
TakeLessons Music Teacher

Data Provided by:
Music and Arts Center For the Handicapped Mach
(203) 366-3300
600 University Ave
Bridgeport, CT
 
Black Rock Music Center
(203) 384-2207
3004 Fairfield Ave
Bridgeport, CT
 
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Velocity

If you’ve ever played a piano, the process seems perfectly natural: The loudness of the note depends on how hard you strike the key. But even in the piano, quite a lot of technology (in the form of carefully balanced levers) goes into producing that effect. Other keyboards, such as organs and the first generation of synthesizers, don’t respond in that way. Play lightly, play hard — it makes no difference.

Just about all synthesizer keyboards today respond the way a piano does. There will be subtle differences, but the speed with which the key travels downward is sensed by a mechanism of some sort, and the information coming from the sensor is used to affect the sound of the synth.

The speed of the key as it descends toward the keybed is called its velocity. Each key has its own velocity sensor. And because just about all keyboards transmit MIDI, the velocity data is always encoded in the form dictated by MIDI. MIDI defines messages called note-on and note-off, and each note-on message includes velocity. (Note-off velocity — the speed with which the key is allowed to rise at the end of the note — is also defined by the MIDI Specification, but it’s rarely used.)

Because the velocity is embedded in the note-on event, the velocity of a note can’t change while the note is sounding. The value transmitted by the velocity sensor remains the same from the start of a given note to its end. Manufacturers of consumer keyboards sometimes blur this distinction by referring to velocity as “pressure.” MIDI defines a separate type of data called pressure, or aftertouch. When a keyboard senses pressure (not all of them do), you can send a control signal by pressing down harder after the key has reached the keybed. But that control signal has nothing to do with velocity.

MIDI defines velocity as a data type that can have values ranging from 1 to 127. A velocity of 1 is extremely slow (produced by very light playing), and 127 is extremely fast (produced by very hard playing).

USING VELOCITY TO CONTROL SOUND

The most common use of velocity is to control the loudness of the notes. As on a piano, when you play harder, the notes will be louder. On a synthesizer, this is accomplished by using velocity to modulate the amplitude of the audio signal. If you roll up your sleeves and do a little voice programming, you’ll probably find a parameter called VEL or Velocity in the Amplifier, AMP, or VCA area of your synth. If you turn this parameter down to zero, the velocity-to-loudness effect should go away: All notes should be equally loud.

If you listen closely to a piano, you’ll hear that the louder notes also have more sound energy in the upper frequency range. In other words, they’re not only louder, they’re also brighter. This effect is modelled in most synthesizers. If your synth has analog-type lowpass filters, you’ll find a parameter with which you can control velocity modulation of the filter cutoff frequency. When the velocity value is higher, the filter cuto...

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