Velocity Dundalk MD

The loudness of the note depends on how hard you strike the key. But even in the piano, quite a lot of technology (in the form of carefully balanced levers) goes into producing that effect.

Music By Julee
Baltimore, MD
 
Richard P.
(877) 231-8505
N Rolling Road
Windsor Mill, MD
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Piano, Music Theory
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6 to 99
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music, piano, music theory classical, hymn playing
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Calvary Baptist School - College Prep - 1994-1998 Bob Jones University - Church Music, Piano - 1998-2002 Bob Jones University - Church Music, Piano - 2002-2004
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Orlando S.
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Old Court Rd
Riderwood, MD
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Singing, Piano, Opera Voice, Theatrical Broadway Singing, Speaking Voice, Songwriting, Music Theory
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10 to 99
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Voice, Beginning Piano, Singing, opera Voice, Music Theory, Theatrical Broadway Singing, Ear Training, Sight Singing, Sight Reading, Speaking Voice, Songwriting Bel Canto, Old World Technique, Belting, Broadway, Opera, Oratorio, Art Song, Sacred Music, R&B, Jazz, Beginning Piano
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Parkville HIgh School - Computer Science - 8/2001 - 5/2005 UMBC - Vocal Performance and Composition - 8/2005 - 5/2009 Peabody Institute - 8/2009- 5/2011 Pursuing Master's in voice
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Music By Julee
Baltimore, MD
 
James G.
(877) 231-8505
Harrowdale Street,
Baltimore, MD
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Songwriting, Piano, Music Theory, Guitar, Music Performance
Ages Taught
4 to 99
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I studied and performed jazz guitar in college, though I perform a wide variety of genres (pop, rock, blues, show tunes, etc.) professionally. My specialties on piano would be pop and rock, as well as beginning piano in any genre.
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University of Maryland Baltimore County - music performance-jazz-guitar - 8/2005-5/2009 (Bachelor's degree received)
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Orlando S.
(877) 231-8505
Nettleton Court
Windsor Mill, MD
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Singing, Piano, Opera Voice, Theatrical Broadway Singing, Speaking Voice, Songwriting, Music Theory
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10 to 99
Specialties
Voice, Beginning Piano, Singing, opera Voice, Music Theory, Theatrical Broadway Singing, Ear Training, Sight Singing, Sight Reading, Speaking Voice, Songwriting Bel Canto, Old World Technique, Belting, Broadway, Opera, Oratorio, Art Song, Sacred Music, R&B, Jazz, Beginning Piano
Education
Parkville HIgh School - Computer Science - 8/2001 - 5/2005 UMBC - Vocal Performance and Composition - 8/2005 - 5/2009 Peabody Institute - 8/2009- 5/2011 Pursuing Master's in voice
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James G.
(877) 231-8505
Harrowdale Street,
Baltimore, MD
Subjects
Songwriting, Piano, Music Theory, Guitar, Music Performance
Ages Taught
4 to 99
Specialties
I studied and performed jazz guitar in college, though I perform a wide variety of genres (pop, rock, blues, show tunes, etc.) professionally. My specialties on piano would be pop and rock, as well as beginning piano in any genre.
Education
University of Maryland Baltimore County - music performance-jazz-guitar - 8/2005-5/2009 (Bachelor's degree received)
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TakeLessons Music Teacher

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Ian D.
(877) 231-8505
Main St.,
Ellicott City, MD
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Piano
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1 to 99
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music, piano, jazz piano Jazz
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Orlando S.
(877) 231-8505
Old Court Rd
Riderwood, MD
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Singing, Piano, Opera Voice, Theatrical Broadway Singing, Speaking Voice, Songwriting, Music Theory
Ages Taught
10 to 99
Specialties
Voice, Beginning Piano, Singing, opera Voice, Music Theory, Theatrical Broadway Singing, Ear Training, Sight Singing, Sight Reading, Speaking Voice, Songwriting Bel Canto, Old World Technique, Belting, Broadway, Opera, Oratorio, Art Song, Sacred Music, R&B, Jazz, Beginning Piano
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Parkville HIgh School - Computer Science - 8/2001 - 5/2005 UMBC - Vocal Performance and Composition - 8/2005 - 5/2009 Peabody Institute - 8/2009- 5/2011 Pursuing Master's in voice
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Jessica P.
(877) 231-8505
Ridgewood Avenue
Chevy Chase, MD
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Upright Bass, Cello, Piano, Music Theory
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5 to 99
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pop, traditional, classical, baroque, renaissance
Education
Juilliard Pre-College - Double Bass Performance - 1998-1999 (High School diploma received) Eastman School of Music - Double Bass Performance - 1999-2003 (Bachelor's degree received) Cincinnati College Conservatory - Double Bass Performance - 2003-2005 (Master's degree received) Stony Brook University - Double Bass Performance - 2005-Present (not complete)
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Velocity

If you’ve ever played a piano, the process seems perfectly natural: The loudness of the note depends on how hard you strike the key. But even in the piano, quite a lot of technology (in the form of carefully balanced levers) goes into producing that effect. Other keyboards, such as organs and the first generation of synthesizers, don’t respond in that way. Play lightly, play hard — it makes no difference.

Just about all synthesizer keyboards today respond the way a piano does. There will be subtle differences, but the speed with which the key travels downward is sensed by a mechanism of some sort, and the information coming from the sensor is used to affect the sound of the synth.

The speed of the key as it descends toward the keybed is called its velocity. Each key has its own velocity sensor. And because just about all keyboards transmit MIDI, the velocity data is always encoded in the form dictated by MIDI. MIDI defines messages called note-on and note-off, and each note-on message includes velocity. (Note-off velocity — the speed with which the key is allowed to rise at the end of the note — is also defined by the MIDI Specification, but it’s rarely used.)

Because the velocity is embedded in the note-on event, the velocity of a note can’t change while the note is sounding. The value transmitted by the velocity sensor remains the same from the start of a given note to its end. Manufacturers of consumer keyboards sometimes blur this distinction by referring to velocity as “pressure.” MIDI defines a separate type of data called pressure, or aftertouch. When a keyboard senses pressure (not all of them do), you can send a control signal by pressing down harder after the key has reached the keybed. But that control signal has nothing to do with velocity.

MIDI defines velocity as a data type that can have values ranging from 1 to 127. A velocity of 1 is extremely slow (produced by very light playing), and 127 is extremely fast (produced by very hard playing).

USING VELOCITY TO CONTROL SOUND

The most common use of velocity is to control the loudness of the notes. As on a piano, when you play harder, the notes will be louder. On a synthesizer, this is accomplished by using velocity to modulate the amplitude of the audio signal. If you roll up your sleeves and do a little voice programming, you’ll probably find a parameter called VEL or Velocity in the Amplifier, AMP, or VCA area of your synth. If you turn this parameter down to zero, the velocity-to-loudness effect should go away: All notes should be equally loud.

If you listen closely to a piano, you’ll hear that the louder notes also have more sound energy in the upper frequency range. In other words, they’re not only louder, they’re also brighter. This effect is modelled in most synthesizers. If your synth has analog-type lowpass filters, you’ll find a parameter with which you can control velocity modulation of the filter cutoff frequency. When the velocity value is higher, the filter cuto...

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