Velocity Spokane WA

The loudness of the note depends on how hard you strike the key. But even in the piano, quite a lot of technology (in the form of carefully balanced levers) goes into producing that effect.

Ruth Michaelis
904 W Comstock Court
Spokane, WA
Instruments
Chorus, Composition, Ear Training, Early Music, Other, Piano, Recorder, Theory, Trumpet, Ukelele, Voice
Styles
Kids
Experience Levels
Beginner, Intermediate
Rate
$10
Years of Experience
30 Years

Data Provided by:
Jolinda C.
(877) 231-8505
196th St SW
Edmonds, WA
Subjects
Piano
Ages Taught
5 to 99
Specialties
Faber and Faber, Celebration Series, Music for Little Mozarts, Alfred
Education
Seattle Pacific University - Communication - 1989-1993 (Bachelor's degree received)
Membership Organizations
TakeLessons Music Teacher

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Michelle Young
5200 175th St SW
Edmonds, WA
Instruments
Ear Training, Piano, Theory
Styles
Classical, Kids
Experience Levels
Advanced, Beginner, Intermediate
Rate
$50
Years of Experience
8 Years

Data Provided by:
Kallie H.
(877) 231-8505
NE 96th St
Vancouver, WA
Subjects
Piano, Acting, Flute, Singing, Theatrical Broadway Singing
Ages Taught
5 to 99
Specialties
I love to use games and activities to engage my younger students. I also have them study a different composer each month. I teach my students about all music and how to identify musical styles and instruments. Composition and improvising is another method I stress with my students.
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TakeLessons Music Teacher

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Deborah Gandolfo
10200 Ne 64th Street
Kirkland, WA
Instruments
Composition, Ear Training, Piano, Theory
Styles
Blues, Classical, Jazz, Kids, Rock - Alternative
Experience Levels
Advanced, Beginner, Intermediate
Rate
$50
Years of Experience
25 Years

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Renata F.
(877) 231-8505
Basin View Ct SE
Yelm, WA
Subjects
Music Theory, Piano
Ages Taught
5 to 99
Education
University of Toronto, Canada - piano performance - 1984 - 1988 (Bachelor's degree received) East Texas State University, Commerce, TX - piano perfomance/pedagogy - 1992 - 1994 (Master's degree received)
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TakeLessons Music Teacher

Data Provided by:
Michael H.
(877) 231-8505
126th Way NE
Kirkland, WA
Subjects
Music Theory, Piano, Songwriting, Music Performance, Guitar
Ages Taught
5 to 99
Specialties
I teach multiple styles of guitar for all levels. I am very proficient in Rock, Blues, Jazz, and Pop guitar playing. I can also teach songwriting, rock/jazz piano, music theory, and general music performance.
Education
Seattle Pacific University - Music Theory - September 2006-June 2010 (Bachelor's degree received)
Membership Organizations
TakeLessons Music Teacher

Data Provided by:
Angeline Y.
(877) 231-8505
110th Ave. SE
Kent, WA
Subjects
Music Theory, Piano
Ages Taught
5 to 99
Education
West Coast Baptist College - Secondary Education - 2003-2007 (Bachelor's degree received)
Membership Organizations
TakeLessons Music Teacher

Data Provided by:
Peter C.
(877) 231-8505
SW Grayson St.
Seattle, WA
Subjects
Piano, Music Performance, Saxophone, Music Theory, Singing
Ages Taught
1 to 99
Specialties
My major in college was jazz voice. But a close second and third instruments are saxophone and piano. Great with young students as well as adults.
Education
Cornish College of the Arts - jazz voice - 03'-07' (Bachelor's degree received)
Membership Organizations
TakeLessons Music Teacher

Data Provided by:
Dennis Pierret
3424 97th Ave SE
Mercer Island, WA
Instruments
Piano
Styles
Classical, Other
Experience Levels
Advanced, Beginner, Intermediate
Rate
$60
Years of Experience
6 Years

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Velocity

If you’ve ever played a piano, the process seems perfectly natural: The loudness of the note depends on how hard you strike the key. But even in the piano, quite a lot of technology (in the form of carefully balanced levers) goes into producing that effect. Other keyboards, such as organs and the first generation of synthesizers, don’t respond in that way. Play lightly, play hard — it makes no difference.

Just about all synthesizer keyboards today respond the way a piano does. There will be subtle differences, but the speed with which the key travels downward is sensed by a mechanism of some sort, and the information coming from the sensor is used to affect the sound of the synth.

The speed of the key as it descends toward the keybed is called its velocity. Each key has its own velocity sensor. And because just about all keyboards transmit MIDI, the velocity data is always encoded in the form dictated by MIDI. MIDI defines messages called note-on and note-off, and each note-on message includes velocity. (Note-off velocity — the speed with which the key is allowed to rise at the end of the note — is also defined by the MIDI Specification, but it’s rarely used.)

Because the velocity is embedded in the note-on event, the velocity of a note can’t change while the note is sounding. The value transmitted by the velocity sensor remains the same from the start of a given note to its end. Manufacturers of consumer keyboards sometimes blur this distinction by referring to velocity as “pressure.” MIDI defines a separate type of data called pressure, or aftertouch. When a keyboard senses pressure (not all of them do), you can send a control signal by pressing down harder after the key has reached the keybed. But that control signal has nothing to do with velocity.

MIDI defines velocity as a data type that can have values ranging from 1 to 127. A velocity of 1 is extremely slow (produced by very light playing), and 127 is extremely fast (produced by very hard playing).

USING VELOCITY TO CONTROL SOUND

The most common use of velocity is to control the loudness of the notes. As on a piano, when you play harder, the notes will be louder. On a synthesizer, this is accomplished by using velocity to modulate the amplitude of the audio signal. If you roll up your sleeves and do a little voice programming, you’ll probably find a parameter called VEL or Velocity in the Amplifier, AMP, or VCA area of your synth. If you turn this parameter down to zero, the velocity-to-loudness effect should go away: All notes should be equally loud.

If you listen closely to a piano, you’ll hear that the louder notes also have more sound energy in the upper frequency range. In other words, they’re not only louder, they’re also brighter. This effect is modelled in most synthesizers. If your synth has analog-type lowpass filters, you’ll find a parameter with which you can control velocity modulation of the filter cutoff frequency. When the velocity value is higher, the filter cuto...

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